Kakali Bhadra and Gopinatha Suresh Kumar Pages 1235 - 1247 ( 13 )
Alkaloids are a group of natural products with unmatched chemical diversity and biological relevance forming potential quality pools in drug screening. The molecular aspects of their interaction with many cellular macromolecules like DNA, RNA and proteins are being currently investigated in order to evolve the structure activity relationship. Isoquinolines constitute an important group of alkaloids. They have extensive utility in cancer therapy and a large volume of data is now emerging in the literature on their mode, mechanism and specificity of binding to DNA. Thermodynamic characterization of the binding of these alkaloids to DNA may offer key insights into the molecular aspects that drive complex formation and these data can provide valuable information about the balance of driving forces. Various thermal techniques have been conveniently used for this purpose and modern calorimetric instrumentation provides direct and quick estimation of thermodynamic parameters. Thermal melting studies and calorimetric techniques like isothermal titration calorimetry and differential scanning calorimetry have further advanced the field by providing authentic, reliable and sensitive data on various aspects of temperature dependent structural analysis of the interaction. In this review we present the application of various thermal techniques, viz. isothermal titration calorimetry, differential scanning calorimetry and optical melting studies in the characterization of drug-DNA interactions with particular emphasis on isoquinoline alkaloid- DNA interaction.
Thermal techniques, ITC, DSC, thermal melting, isoquinoline alkaloids, DNA binding, Calorimetry, deoxyribonucleic acids, isothermal titration calo-rimetry, differential scanning calorimetry, benzylisoquinolines, protopines, benzo, phenanthridines, protoberberines, Protoberberi-nes, berberine, palmatine, coralyne, benzo[c]phenanthridine group, entropy contribution, heat capacity, Clostridium perfringens, Micrococcus lysodeikticus, Sanguinarine-DNA Complexation, Differential scanning calorimetric analysis, Berberine-DNA Complexation, Palmatine-DNA Complexation, Coralyne-CT DNA Complexation
Biophysical Chemistry Laboratory, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, CSIR, 4, Raja SC Mullick Road, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700 032, West Bengal, India.