Wenli Sun, Mohamad Hesam Shahrajabian* and Qi Cheng Pages 1 - 7 ( 7 )
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) native geographic range is the area from Iran to North part of India, but it is presently planted also in other regions of the world. Fenugreek has been used as a notable multipurpose medicinal and traditional herb in Iranian, Indian, and Chinese for several centuries. The most important composition of fenugreek seeds are protein, neural detergent fiber, gum, lipids, moisture, ash and starch. Fenugreek seeds and leaves are anticholesterolemic, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, carminative, demulcent, deobstruent, emollient, expectorant, galactogogue, febrifuge, laxative, hypoglycaemic, restorative, parasiticide and uterine tonic and useful in burning sensation. Traditionally, fenugreek seeds used around the world are in bone and muscles, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, female reproductive system, cardio-vascular system, endocrinology and hepatic. The most outstanding modern health benefits of fenugreek are in appetite suppressant and weight loss, reduce cholesterol, reduce cardiovascular risk, control diabetes, a good consolation for sore throats, a remedy for acid reflux, constipation, colon cancer prevention, appropriate for kidney trouble, skin infection, increase milk production, reduce menstrual discomfort, and it reduces menopause symptoms. Both modern science and traditional medicine integration with novel technologies and discoveries will secure cultivation of medicinal herbs and promote sustainability in a long-term and a wide-range.
Trigonella, Fenugreek, Traditional Medicine, Modern Pharmaceutical Science.
Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081