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Drug Discovery by Drug Repurposing: Combating COVID-19 in the 21st Century

[ Vol. 21 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Nitesh Sanghai*, Kashfia Shafiq and Geoffrey K. Tranmer   Pages 3 - 9 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Due to the rapidly developing nature of the current COVID-19 outbreak and its almost immediate humanitarian and economic toll, coronavirus drug discovery efforts have largely focused on generating potential COVID-19 drug candidates as quickly as possible. Globally, scientists are working day and night to find the best possible solution to treat the deadly virus. During the first few months of 2020, the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak quickly developed into a pandemic, with a mortality rate that was increasing at an exponential rate day by day. As a result, scientists have turned to a drug repurposing approach to rediscover the potential use and benefits of existing approved drugs. Currently, there is no single drug approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), for the treatment of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2, previously known as 2019-nCoV) that causes COVID-19. Based on only in-vitro studies, several active drugs are already in the clinical pipeline, made possible by following the compassionate use of medical protocols. This method of repurposing and the use of existing molecules like Remdesivir (GS-5734), Chloroquine, Hydroxychloroquine, etc. has proven to be a landmark in the field of drug rediscovery. In this review article, we will discuss the repurposing of medicines for treating the deadly novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2).

Keywords:

Drug discovery, Drug repurposing, Pandemic, SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, WHO.Drug discovery, Drug repurposing, Pandemic, SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, WHO.

Affiliation:

College of Pharmacy, Rady Faculty of Health Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3E 0T5, Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Science, Faculty of Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, College of Pharmacy, Rady Faculty of Health Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3E 0T5



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