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1,4-Dihydropyridine: A Dependable Heterocyclic Ring with the Promising and the Most Anticipable Therapeutic Effects

[ Vol. 19 , Issue. 15 ]

Author(s):

Abhinav Prasoon Mishra*, Ankit Bajpai and Awani Kumar Rai   Pages 1219 - 1254 ( 36 )

Abstract:


Nowadays, heterocyclic compounds act as a scaffold and are the backbone of medicinal chemistry. Among all of the heterocyclic scaffolds, 1,4-Dihydropyridine (1,4-DHP) is one of the most important heterocyclic rings that possess prominent therapeutic effects in a very versatile manner and plays an important role in synthetic, medicinal, and bioorganic chemistry. The main aim of the study is to review and encompass relevant studies related to 1,4-DHP and excellent therapeutic benefits of its derivatives. An extensive review of Pubmed-Medline, Embase and Lancet’s published articles was done to find all relevant studies on the activity of 1,4-DHP and its derivatives. 1,4-DHP is a potent voltage-gated calcium channel (VGCC) antagonist derivative which acts as an anti-hypertensive, antianginal, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-tubercular, anti-cancer, anti-hyperplasia, anti-mutagenic, anti-dyslipidemic, and anti-ulcer agent. From the inferences of the study, it can be concluded that the basic nucleus, 1,4-DHP which is a voltage-gated calcium ion channel blocker, acts as a base for its derivatives that possess different important therapeutic effects. There is a need of further research of this basic nucleus as it is a multifunctional moiety, on which addition of different groups can yield a better drug for its other activities such as anti-convulsant, anti-oxidant, anti-mutagenic, and anti-microbial. This review would be significant for further researches in the development of several kinds of drugs by representing successful matrix for the medicinal agents.

Keywords:

1, 4-Dihydropyridine, Pyridine, Ca++channel blocker, Voltage-gated calcium channel, antihypertension, therapeutic effects.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmacy, Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology, Kanpur, 209305, Department of Pharmacy, Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology, Kanpur, 209305, Department of Pharmacy, Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology, Kanpur, 209305



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