Małgorzata Gizińska, Monika Staniszewska* and Zbigniew Ochal* Pages 12 - 21 ( 10 )
Since candidiasis is so difficult to eradicate with an antifungal treatment and the existing antimycotics display many limitations, hopefully new sulfone derivatives may overcome these deficiencies. It is pertinent to study new strategies such as sulfone derivatives targeting the virulence attributes of C. albicans that differentiate them from the host. During infections, the pathogenic potential of C. albicans relies on the virulence factors as follows: hydrolytic enzymes, transcriptional factors, adhesion, and development of biofilms. In the article we explored how the above-presented C. albicans fitness and virulence attributes provided a robust response to the environmental stress exerted by sulfones upon C. albicans; C. albicans fitness and virulence attributes are fungal properties whose inactivation attenuates virulence. Our understanding of how these mechanisms and factors are inhibited by sulfones has increased over the last years. As lack of toxicity is a prerequisite for medical approaches, sulfones (non-toxic as assessed in vitro and in vivo) may prove to be useful for reducing C. albicans pathogenesis in humans. The antifungal activity of sulfones dealing with these multiple virulence factors and fitness attributes is discussed.
Antifungal activity, anti-virulence agents, Candida spp., fungal infections, sulfone derivatives, virulence.
National Institute of Public Health-National Institute of Hygiene, Chocimska 24, 00-791 Warsaw, National Institute of Public Health-National Institute of Hygiene, Chocimska 24, 00-791 Warsaw, Faculty of Chemistry, Warsaw University of Technology, Noakowskiego 3, 00-664 Warsaw