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A2A Adenosine Receptor Antagonists as Therapeutic Candidates: Are They Still an Interesting Challenge?

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 14 ]

Author(s):

Barbara Cacciari*, Giampiero Spalluto and Stephanie Federico   Pages 1168 - 1174 ( 7 )

Abstract:


In the past decades, many efforts were undertaken to develop ligands for the adenosine receptors, with the purpose to individuate agonists and antagonists affinity and selectivity for each subtypes, namely A1, A2A, A2B, and A3. These intense studies allowed a deeper knowledge of the nature and, moreover, of the pathophysiological roles of all the adenosine receptor subtypes. In particular, the involvement of the A2A adenosine receptor subtype in some physiological mechanisms in the brain, that could be related to important diseases such as the Parkinson’s disease, encouraged the research in this field. Particular attention was given to the antagonists endowed with high affinity and selectivity since they could have a real employment in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, and some compounds, such as istradefylline, preladenant and tozadenant, are already studied in clinical trials. Actually, the role of A2A antagonists in Parkinson’s disease is becoming contradictory due to contrasting results in the last studies, but, at the same time, new possible employments are emerging for this class of antagonists in cancer pathologies as much interesting to legitimate further efforts in the research of A2A ligands.

Keywords:

A2A antagonists, adenosine, Parkinson’s disease, cancer, heterotetramers, immunosuppression.

Affiliation:

Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche e Farmaceutiche, Università di Ferrara, Via Fossato di Mortara 17-19, I-44121 Ferrara, Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche e Farmaceutiche, Università di Trieste, Piazzale Europa 1, I-34127 Trieste, Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche e Farmaceutiche, Università di Trieste, Piazzale Europa 1, I-34127 Trieste

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