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Marine Natural Product Bis-indole Alkaloid Caulerpin: Chemistry and Biology

[ Vol. 19 , Issue. 9 ]

Author(s):

Jignesh Lunagariya, Poonam Bhadja, Shenghui Zhong, Rohit Vekariya and Shihai Xu*   Pages 751 - 761 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Marine bis-indole alkaloids comprise a large and increasingly growing class of secondary metabolites, and continue to deliver a great variety of structural templates for diverse biological targets. The alkaloids derived from marine resources play a crucial role in medicinal chemistry and as chemical agents. In particular, bis-indole alkaloid caulerpin which has been isolated from marine green algae Caulerpa and a red algae Chondria armata at various places around the world, was tested for several therapeutic potentials such as anti-diabetic, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti- larvicidal, anti-herpes, anti-tubercular, anti-microbial and immunostimulating activities as well as a means of other chemical agents. Herein, we summarized the discovery and isolation of caulerpin, and its potential medicinal and chemical applications in chronological order with various aspects. Additionally, synthesis of caulerpin and its functional analogues have also been reviewed.

Keywords:

Bis-indole alkaloid, caulerpin, biological activity, marine natural product, total synthesis, secondary metabolites.

Affiliation:

Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Material Science, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, PR, Institute of Biomineralization and Lithiasis Research, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Material Science, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, PR, School of Chemical Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, Fujian Province, PR, Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Material Science, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, PR



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