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Current State and Future Perspectives in QSAR Models to Predict Blood- Brain Barrier Penetration in Central Nervous System Drug R&D

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Juan F. Morales, Sebastian Scioli Montoto, Pietro Fagiolino and Maria E. Ruiz   Pages 247 - 257 ( 11 )

Abstract:


The Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB) is a physical and biochemical barrier that restricts the entry of certain drugs to the Central Nervous System (CNS), while allowing the passage of others. The ability to predict the permeability of a given molecule through the BBB is a key aspect in CNS drug discovery and development, since neurotherapeutic agents with molecular targets in the CNS should be able to cross the BBB, whereas peripherally acting agents should not, to minimize the risk of CNS adverse effects. In this review we examine and discuss QSAR approaches and current availability of experimental data for the construction of BBB permeability predictive models, focusing on the modeling of the biorelevant parameter unbound partitioning coefficient (Kp,uu). Emphasis is made on two possible strategies to overcome the current limitations of in silico models: considering the prediction of brain penetration as a multifactorial problem, and increasing experimental datasets through accurate and standardized experimental techniques.

Keywords:

Blood-Brain Barrier, Brain Penetration, Central Nervous System, In Silico Models, Microdialysis, Passive Difussion, Pharmacokinetic, Protein Binding, QSAR Models, Unbound Drug Fraction.

Affiliation:

Quality Control of Medications, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Exact Sciences, National University of La Plata (UNLP), La Plata (B1900AJI), Buenos Aires



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