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A Progressive Review of V600E-B-RAF-Dependent Melanoma and Drugs Inhibiting It

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Mohammad Ashrafuddin Khan, Mohammed I. El-Gamal and Chang-Hyun Oh   Pages 351 - 365 ( 15 )

Abstract:


B-RAF gene is a component of the MAPK pathway that plays a very important role in cell division, survival, proliferation, and many other cellular functions. Mutations of the B-RAF (such as V600E-B-RAF) lead to melanoma, which is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. R&D progress is being done aiming at improved therapy in the future. The existing melanoma therapy is left out with poor overall survival, drug resistance, and many side effects. With the recent approval of new drugs, there is a hope for melanoma patients for complete cure and better life quality. However, there is still a need for improved, safe, and complete therapy for advanced melanoma. This review describes melanoma caused by V600E-B-RAF gene mutation, its pathway, drugs available and recently approved drugs, and future prospects to be overcome.

Keywords:

Cancer, drug, kinase inhibitors, melanoma, V600E-B-RAF.

Affiliation:

Center for Biomaterials, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, PO Box 131, Cheongryang, Seoul 130-650



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