Abbas Ahmadi, Mohsen Khalili, Sara Marami, Afsane Ghadiri and Babak Nahri-Niknafs Pages 64 - 71 ( 8 )
Phencyclidine (PCP, I) and many of its derivatives have demonstrated many pharmacological effects. They interact with a number of neurotransmitter systems within the central nervous system. For example, Phencyclidine is a noncompetitive antagonist of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of the glutamate receptor, and it causes the release and inhibits the reuptake of monoaminergic neurotransmitters, including dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine. In this study, new thienyl (TCP, II), as well as benzothiophen (BTCP, III) derivatives (IV-VII) were synthesized. The acute and chronic pain activities of these drugs were studied using the tail immersion and formalin tests on mice and the results were compared with PCP, TCP and control groups at dosage of 10 mg/kg. The results indicated that the drug VII produced more analgesic effects on acute chemical pain in formalin test compared with other drugs. In addition, this analgesic effect was remarkably seen for drugs II, VI and VII in chronic pain in the mentioned test in comparison with other drugs. Also, the results showed that acute thermal pain could be diminished by drugs VI, II and I compared with other drugs in tail immersion test. It can be concluded that more analgesic effects of new BTCP analogues (VI and VII) may be concerned with antinociception activities of benzothiophene group and also with binding to cocaine site on the dopamine transporter receptor which seems to be more potent than PCP receptor in decreasing pain.
Formalin test, NMDA and dopamine receptors, Pain activities, Phencyclidine, Tail Immersion Test, TCP and BTCP derivative.
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, P.O. Box: 31485- 313, Karaj, Iran.