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4-methylamphetamine (4-MA): Chemistry, Pharmacology and Toxicology of a New Potential Recreational Drug

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 14 ]


M. Coppola and R. Mondola   Pages 2097 - 2101 ( 5 )


From 2005 to 2012, 236 new substances have been officially notified in European Union via the Early Warning System with an increasing trend from year by year. In October 2009, 4-methylamphetamine (4-MA), an amphetamine derivative, was detected in Belgium and on 14 December 2009 this stimulant was notified to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Since its appearance within the recreational drug market, some cases of severe intoxication and deaths have been signaled across Europe. In this paper we summarized the chemical, pharmacological and toxicological information about this new potential recreational drug.


4-MA, 4-methylamphetamine, Amphetamines, Legal high, New drugs, pTAP.


Department of Addiction, ASL CN2, Viale Coppino 46, 12051, Alba (CN), Italy.

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