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Amidine-Based Bioactive Compounds for the Regulation of Arginine Metabolism

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 9 ]

Author(s):

Cristina Maccallini, Marialuigia Fantacuzzi and Rosa Amoroso   Pages 1305 - 1310 ( 6 )

Abstract:


In the research of new bioactive compounds able to regulate the L-arginine metabolism, several substituted amidines were disclosed as potent and selective inhibitors of mainly three enzyme families: the nitric oxide synthase, the dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase and the peptidylarginine deiminase. The present work is focused on the last five years developments in the research for amidine-based inhibitors of the mentioned enzymes and on their potential usefulness in neurodegenerative, inflammatory and autoimmune disorders.

Keywords:

Nitric oxide synthase (NOS), dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH), peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD), amidines.

Affiliation:

Dipartimento di Farmacia, Università di Chieti, via dei Vestini, 66100 Chieti, Italy.



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